A multicentric prospective cohort study of modified lateral intercostal artery perforator flap in partial breast reconstruction.
TypeAudit; Cohort Study; Peer-Reviewed Publication; Prospective Study; Retrospective Study
KeywordBreast cancer; Breast reconstruction; Chest wall perforator flaps (CWPFs); Oncoplastics; Breast surgery; Partial breast reconstruction; Lateral intercostal artery perforator (LICAP); Cosmetic outcomes; Aesthetic results; Patient outcomes
Journal TitleAnnals of Plastic Surgery
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBackground: Oncoplastic breast surgery is well established in many parts of the world and is gaining popularity in the rest of the world. The cornerstone in oncoplastic breast surgery is to respect oncological principles during cancer resection maintaining good aesthetic and cosmetic outcome. With the advancement in local, regional, and systemic treatment for breast cancer, survival has improved, and patients live longer. It is utmost essential to help our patients to maintain a good quality of life. Aesthetic and cosmetic outcomes have a significant impact on patient's psychosocial, emotional, and sexual well-being.Oncoplastic techniques have evolved over the last decade with the increasing use of perforator flaps to enable partial breast reconstruction. We report the findings of a prospective cohort study using modified lateral intercostal artery perforator in partial breast reconstruction. This modified technique offers a less visible scar and good access to the axilla without any need for repositioning the patient during the operative procedure. Methods: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of patients who underwent partial breast reconstruction with a modified lateral intercostal artery perforator flap was carried out between July 2016 and January 2020 in 2 oncoplastic breast units. The study had local approval from the respective audit departments. Patient demographics, operative data, surgical complications, and outcomes were collected and analyzed. Results: Forty-one patients underwent the procedure between July 2016 and January 2020. The median age of the population data was 58 years (interquartile range, 9 years). There were 10 active smokers (24.4%), and 3 patients had diabetes mellitus (7.3%). Overall, 3 patients (7.1%) developed seroma, 1 had a hematoma (2.4%), and 1 had a locoregional recurrence (2.4%). Two patients (4.9%) underwent margin re-excision for close margins. Most patients (92%) had the procedure carried out as day-case surgery. None of the patients developed wound infection, necrosis, or flap loss. The results were comparable across the 2 participating units. Conclusions: The data suggest that modified intercostal artery perforator flap is an excellent oncoplastic technique for volume replacement in partial breast reconstruction with a short learning curve and minimal perioperative morbidity.
CitationNeamonitou F, Thekkinkattil D, Sukumar A, Prusty L, Vidya R. A Multicentric Prospective Cohort Study of Modified Lateral Intercostal Artery Perforator Flap in Partial Breast Reconstruction. Ann Plast Surg. 2021 May 22. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000002838. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34029283.
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