Correlation between thyroid fine needle aspiration cytology and postoperative histology: a 10-year single-centre experience
TypePeer-Reviewed Publication; Retrospective Study
KeywordThyroid cancer; Fine needle biopsy; Thyroid cytology; Diagnostic accuracy; Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC); Preoperative; Postoperative; Malignancy rates; Papillary thyroid cancer
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AbstractIntroduction Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) forms part of the routine workup for suspicious thyroid nodules. Whilst cytological analysis is less precise than histological assessment, it is quick and easy to perform and may avoid the need for invasive and potentially risky surgery. Methods This retrospective study spanned a 10-year period comparing preoperative FNAC with postoperative histology results to establish the accuracy of diagnosis and malignancy rates within our population. These results were then compared to the published figures in the literature. Results The histological reports of 659 consecutive cases of thyroid surgery between 2006 and 2015 were retrieved from our hospital database. Among the 471 patients (71.5%) who underwent preoperative FNAC, the postoperative histology was reported as benign in 352 (74.7%) and malignant in 119 cases (25.3%). Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) was the commonest histological diagnosis. Thy1 grade was reported in 165 (30%) cases, with 19.4% having a final histological diagnosis of malignancy. In the Thy2 group, 85.3% of patients had a benign final histological diagnosis, while 14.7% had malignancy (false-negative results). Malignancy was found in 89% of Thy4 and 100% of Thy5 group patients. Conclusions Rates of malignancy varied considerably from those in the published literature. Each centre should be able to quote a local malignancy rate during patient counselling. It is also prudent for all units performing thyroid diagnostics to investigate the factors that might lead to inaccuracies in reporting.
CitationAbou-Foul AK, Muzaffar J, Diakos E, Best JE, Momtahan N, Jayaram S. Correlation Between Thyroid Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology and Postoperative Histology: A 10-Year Single-Centre Experience. Cureus. 2021 Apr 15;13(4):e14504. doi: 10.7759/cureus.14504. PMID: 34007757; PMCID: PMC8123937.
Publisher Linkhttps://www.cureus.com/articles/55494-correlation-between-thyroid-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-and-postoperative-histology-a-10-year-single-centre-experience; https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8123937/
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